1. Section A, Chapter 1 - Introduction To Apologetics

Contrast faith and reason. Are they compatible in the Christian's soul? Does reason nullify faith? Can defending (or, apologia) Christianity increase faith? Can reason alter presuppositions? Could a person's "faith" dismiss "reason" in order to sustain a presupposition?


  1. Faith And Reason are compatible elements. Faith is trust or belief in something or someone either with or without proof. Reason is the intellect or providing of rational evidence of something. Faith is an internal state and reason is an external influence. Reason does not nullify a Christian's faith. In fact, reason and apologetics (apologia) increases and strengthens faith. While presuppositions (preconcieved notions) alter reason, reason also alters presuppositions. Even though this is evident, a person can dismiss reason in order to keep a faith-based presupposition. In other words, faith and reason do not always co-exist but they are still compatible. So, even much more compatible in the life of a Christian. As stated in the Holy Bible in the book of II Timothy 1:12, "...for I know whom I have believed." Even scripture reiterates for the Christian that reason (knowledge) and faith (belief) are compatible. Ultimately, faith (trust) uses reason (intellect) for its rationalization. So we too as Christians should use the intellect to strengthen our faith.

  2. Solid Christian faith is when the heart gives assent to evidence. This "evidence" is achieved through careful examination of scripture, archeology, history and whatever resources are available (they are vast). Through reason this information is intellectually ingested and could bring the examiner to the point where he or she can make a solid decision to believe or not to believe. If the evidence is strong enough to eliminate any current cultural philosophical presuppositions that there is no God, it should make it easier for the heart to give assent to reason thereby enacting faith. This proves that faith is strengthened through reason and that both are compatible in the human soul. Reason could possibly nullify faith if the evidence studied is not carefully examined and logically deduced. This is why it is important to not only study the resources available but to also take into consideration the sources.

    Through the defense of Christianity one can build their faith to new heights. Proper defense (apologia) is achieved through logically examining the vast array of resources available to us in this day and age. Paul says in Romans 1:20 that "people are without excuse." God has made evident His existence through creation itself. It is our duty as Christians to follow David's example in Psalm 1:2 and carefully examine and meditate on God's law so that we can be like "trees planted by streams of water (psalm 1:3)" bearing fruit that does not wither under the attack and scrutiny of skeptics and unbelievers.

    By using this method the Christian can go on the offensive defending his faith in a logical way, planting seeds into the mind of the unbeliever that through the help of the Holy Spirit can eventually lead to regeneration. Paul cautions us in Colossians 4:6 to do this with grace (seasoned with salt) as to not offend and chase someone away from the truth. Through the apologetic formula expounded upon in scripture the Christian can use reason to attack presuppositions in a way that gives the unregenerate soul a desire to come to the truth on his or her own.

    A person's "faith" in false pretenses can reject Christian apologetics for the simple fact that our culture has been infiltrated everywhere possible by the philosophical presupposition that man is God. Everyone is surrounded by this, thus it is necessary to understand where they are and meet them at their level of understanding, slowly and carefully building a case without offense. Thus patience and tolerance bound by love and faith is the ultimate defense in the winning of souls.

  3. Man believes with his heart. A person is born again by the supernatural holy spirit as he responds to the message of the gospel. A person cannot come to God except God's spirit draws him. Salvation is a gift of God. You don't have to do years of research in different subjects to find God. God is searching for those who have a heart for Him.